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FIJALKOWSKI, D., 1959. (Plant associations of lakes situated between Leczna and Wlodowa and of peat-logs adjacent to these lakes). Annales Universitatis Mariae Curie-Sklodowska, sect. B 14: 131-206. [Polish, english summary] [C. fragilis, C. aspera, C. contraria, C. intermedia, N. flexilis].
FIJALKOWSKI, D., 1961. (Die Pflanzengesellschaften der Bartków-Sees (Woj. Lublin)). Annales Universitatis Mariae Curie-Sklodowska, sect. C: biologia 16: 77-89. [Polish, german summary] [C. vulgaris, Nitellopsis obtusa].
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FILARSZKY, F., 1926b. Charafélék Szeged vidékén. Folia Cryptogamica 1 (4): 229-236. [Hungarian] [C. braunii (as C. coronata), C. canescens (as C. crinita), C. fragilis, C. tenuispina, N. mucronata].
FILARSZKY, F., 1932. Charafélék Szeged vidékén. Folia Cryptogamica 1 (9): 1055-1068. [Hungarian] [Tol. prolifera, C. connivens, C. braunii (as C. coronata), C. canescens (as C. crinita), C. foetida, C. fragilis, C. kokeilii, C. tenuispina].
FILARSZKY, F., 1934b. Die Characeen der Deutschen Limnologischen Sunda-Expedition. Archic für Hydrobiologie, Supplement-Band 12. Tropische Binnengewässer, Band 4: 705-726, 80 figs., pl. 24. [N. bipartita n. spec., N. pseudograciliformis n. spec., N. sumatrana n. spec., Tolypellopsis (Nitellopsis) simplicissima n. spec., C. fulgens n. spec., C. variabilis n. spec., C. braunii (as C. coronata), C. brachypus, C. haitensis, N. blowiana].
FILARSZKY, F., 1936. De Characeis Transsilvaniae. Revisio Characearum in Transsilvania lectarum et in diversis herbariis inventarum. Folia Cryptogamica 2 (1): 1-8. [Hungarian] [C. foetida, C. braunii (as C. coronata), C. gymnophylla, N. capillaris, N. flexilis, N. gracilis, N. opaca, N. syncarpa].
FINDLAY, G.P. & HOPE, A.B., 1964a. Ionic relations of cells of Chara australis. VII. The separate electrical characteristics of the plasmolemna and tonoplast. Australian Journal of Biological Sciences 17: 62-77.
FINDLAY, G.P. & HOPE, A.B., 1964b. Ionic relations of cells of Chara australis. IX. Analysis of transient membrane currents. Australian Journal of Biological Sciences 17: 400-411.
FINDLAY, G.P., 1959. Studies of actionpotentials in the vacuole and cytoplasma of Nitella. Australian Journal of Biological Sciences 12: 412-426. [C. australis not Nitella].
FINDLAY, G.P., 1962. Calcium ions and the actionpotential in Nitella. Australian Journal of Biological Sciences 15: 69-82. [C. australis not Nitella].
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FISCHER-PIETTE, E., 1937. Le domaine des eaux continentales. Encyclopédie Française Permanente 5 (52): 1-16.
FISH, G.R., 1963. Observations on excessive weed growth in two lakes in New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Botany 1: 410-418, 1 map. [N. hookeri (as N. leonhardii)].
FISH, G.R., 1966. Some effects of the destruction of aquatic weeds in Lake Rotoiti, New Zealand. Weed Research 6: 350-358, 3 figs. (1 map), pl. 22.
FISH, G.R., 1969. The oxygen content of some New Zealand lakes. Verhandlungen der internationale Vereinigung für Theoretische und Angewandte Limnologie 17: 392-403, 7 figs. (1 map).
FISH, G.R., 1970. A limnological study of four lakes near Rotorua. New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research 4: 165-194, 8 figs. (1 map).
FJERDINGSTAD, E., KEMP, K. & FJERDINGSTAD, E., 1975. Trace elements and bacteriological investigations in Danish Lobelia-Isoetes lakes. Archiv für Hydrobiologie 76: 137-152. [N. flexilis].
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FORSBERG, B. & FORSBERG, C., 1961b. The fresh water environment for Najas marina L. in Scandinavia. Svensk Botanisk Tidskrift 55: 604-612. [C. rudis, C. tomentosa, C. contraria, C. aspera, C. fragilis].
FORSBERG, C. & FORSBERG, B., 1961a. Chara rudis ny för Uppland (Chara rudis new in Uppland). Botanisk Notiser 114: 108-111. [Swedish, english summary].
FORSBERG, C., 1960. Subaquatic macrovegetation in Ösbysjön, Djursholm. Oikos 11: 183-199. [N. mucronata, C. fragilis].
FORSBERG, C., 1963. Some remarks on Wood's revision of Characeae. Taxon 12: 141-144. [C. globularis, C. aspera].
FORSBERG, C., 1964a. The vegetation changes in lake Täkern. Svensk Botanisk Tidskrift 58: 44-54. [C. aspera, C. contraria, C. vulgaris, C. globularis, C. hispida].
FORSBERG, C., 1964b. Phosphorus, a maximum factor in the growth of Characeae. Nature 201: 517-518. [C. globularis, C. hispida, C. zeylanica].
FORSBERG, C., 1965a. Environmental conditions of Swedish charophytes. Symbolae Botanica Uppsala 18: 1-67. [4 Nitella, 12 Chara species, Tol. nidifica, Nitellopsis obtusa].
FORSBERG, C., 1965b. Sterile germination of oospores of Chara and seeds of Najas marina. Physiologia Plantarum 18: 128-137, 2 figs. [C. aculeolata, C. hispida, C. aspera, C. zeylanica, C. sejuncta].
FORSBERG, C., 1965c. Nutritional studies of Chara in axenic cultures. Physiologia Plantarum 18: 275-290, 3 figs. [C. globularis, C. aspera, C. zeylanica].
FORSBERG, C., 1965d. Axenic culture of Chara globularis Thuill. and Chara zeylanica Willd. Life Sciences 4: 225-226. [C. globularis, C. zeylanica].
FORSBERG, C., 1965e. Ecological and physiological studies of charophytes. Dissertation University of Uppsala & Acta Universitate Uppsalaliensis 53: 1-10. [13 Chara species, Tol. nidifica].
FORSBERG, C., 1966. Algtillväxt och recipientfosfor (Growth of algae and recipient phosphorus). Vattenhygien 22: 173-180. [Swedish, english summary] [C. globularis].
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FORSBERG, C., KLEIVEN, S. & WILLEN, T., 1990. Absence of allelopathic effects of Chara on phytoplankton in situ. Aquatic Botany 38: 289-294.
FÖRSTER, F., 1889. Übersicht der badischen Characeen. Mitteilungen der Badische Botanische Vereinigung 67/68: 133-142. [Key] [19 Chara, 3 Tolypella, 9 Nitella species].
FORSYTH, D.J. & HOWARD-WILLIAMS, C. (ed.), 1983. Lake Taupo: Ecology of a New Zealand lake. DSIR Information Series No. 158. Science Information Publishing Centre, DSIR, Wellington. XI & 163 pp., 1 map, 79 figs. (8 maps).
FRAME, P.W. & SAWA, T., 1975. Comparative anatomy of Charophyta: II. The axial nodal complex - an approach to the taxonomy of Lamprothamnium. Journal of Phycology 11: 202-205, 1 fig. [12 Chara, 13 Nitella, 5 Tolypella, 2 Lamprothamnium species, Nitellopsis obtusa].
FRAME, P.W., 1975. Unusual branchlet development in the genus Chara L. (Charophyta). Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 69: 309-312. [C. vulgaris].
FRANKE, T., 1987. Pflanzengesellschaften der Fränkischen Teichlandschaft. Dissertation Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg & Bericht der Naturforschenden Gesellschaft Bamberg für 1986 61(2): I-VII & 1-192, 1 map, 7 figs. [German, english summary] [Charetea fragilis pp. 18-24: C. vulgaris, C. fragilis, C. aspera, C. contraria, C. braunii, N. gracilis, N. flexilis, N. syncarpa].
FRANTZ, T.C. & CORDONE, A.J., 1967. Observations on deepwaterplants in Lake Tahoe, California and Nevada. Ecology 48: 709-714. [C. contraria, C. delicatula].
FREY, W. & PROBST, W., 1974. Vegetationszonierung an Süsswasserquellen der Maharlu-Salzsees bei Shiraz (Iran). Vegetatio 29: 109-114. [C. tomentosa].
FRIDVALSZKY, L., 1960. Untersuchung der Feinstruktur an der Zellwand der internodialen Achsenzelle von Chara foetida A.Br.. Annales Universitatis Scientiarum Budapestinensis de Rolande Eötvös nominatae, Sectio Biologica 3: 195-202.
FRITSCH, F.E., 1935. The structure and reproduction of algae. 1. University Press, Cambridge.
FROMENT, P., 1953. Recherche sur le Flore, le développement des végétaux et leurs groupements dans les vallées du Laonnais et du Vermandois. Thèse Université de Lille. 280 pp., 6 maps, 13 figs., 13 pl. [Groupement à Chara pp. 91-98: C. aspera, C. hispida, C. polyacantha, C. fragilis, C. tomentosa, C. foetida, N. tenuissima].
FROMENT, P., 1954. Découverte d'oogonites de Chara dans une tourbe flandrienne du Nord de la France. Rapp. Commun. 8me Congr. int. Bot. Sect. 2,4,5 et 6: 236-238, sect. 3-6: 212. [C. aspera, C. canescens, C. vulgaris, C. contraria, C. polyacantha, C. hispida].
FRY, J.C., BROOKER, M.P. & THOMAS, P.L., 1973. Changes in the microbial populations of a reservoir treated with the herbicide paraquat. Water Research 7: 395-407. [C. globularis].
FUKAREK, F., 1961. Die Vegetation des Darss und ihre Geschichte. Pflanzensoziologie 12: 1-321. [C. aspera, C. canescens, C. hispida, C. horrida, C. baltica, C. tomentosa, C. intermedia, C. polyacantha].


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